常用动词prefer用法总结 - 给力英语
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常用动词prefer用法总结

发布:englishfan    时间:2011-06-29 20:37:09     浏览:5719次
    1.prefer+名词
  ——Would you like meat or fish? 
  ——I'd prefer meat,please.
  2.prefer+动名词
  Do you prefer cooling for yourself or eating in a restaurant?自己做饭还是喜欢下馆子?
  —Do you like swimming?你喜欢游泳吗? 
  —Yes, but I prefer sailing.喜欢,但我更喜欢驾驶帆船。
  3.prefer+不定式 
  Do you prefer to cook for yourself, or to eat in a restaurant?
  I prefer to spend the weekend at home.我喜欢在家里度周末。
  I would prefer to stay at home tonight.
  She prefers to be alone.
  4.Prefer sb. to do sth. 
  Their father prefers them to be home early.他们的父亲宁愿他们早点回家。
  I thought you would prefer me not to knock.
  5.prefer A to B
  在本句型中,A与B是平行结构,可以是名词,也可以都是动名词。例如:
  I prefer dogs to cats.在狗与猫之间我更喜欢狗。 
  Most people prefer trains to buses.
  大多数人愿意坐火车而不愿坐汽车。 
  I prefer writing a term paper to taking an examination.
  我宁愿写一篇学期也不愿参加考试。
  I prefer staying at home to going out. 
  我觉得在家里比出去好。
  Thousands of children nowadays prefer doing their homework to a background of pop-music to doing it in a quiet room.成千上万的孩子如今一边听流行音乐一边做作业,也不愿在安安静静的房间里做。
  She has always preferred marking her own clothes rather than buying them in the shops.她向来喜欢自己做衣服,而不到商店里去买衣服。
  6.Prefer+不定式+rather than+不定式
  1)本句型中,第一个不定式前面要加to,第二个不定式前面以不加to居多。例如: He prefer to die rather than become traitor.他宁死也不做叛徒。
  Older people often fear change. They know what they can do best. They prefer to repeat their successes rather than risk failure.年纪大的人常常怕变化。他们知道什么最拿手,宁愿把自己成功的经验再如法炮制也不愿冒失败的危险。 
  She preferred to sew rather than to knit.她喜欢缝纫而不喜欢编织。
  2)rather than也可以置于句首:
  Rather than buy a car of his own, he prefers to rent one.
  3)than后也可用动名词:
  I prefer to stay at home rather than go/going to see a film.我觉得与其去看电影倒不如待在家里。 
  I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than drive/driving all the way to your mother's.我觉得与其开车跑那么远的路到你母亲那里度周末,倒不如在家里过更好些。
  4)prefer…rather than中的rather也可以移到第一个不定式之前(prefer rather…than),这种用法多见于书面语。例如:He preferred rather to take the whole blame himself than to allow it to fall on the innocent. 他宁可自己承担全部责任而不愿让无辜的人受到连累。 
  5)prefer to do A rather than do B意义相同,试比较:Joe prefers skating to skiing.
  Joe prefer to skate rather than ski. 
  Bill preferred playing soccer to swimming.
  Bill preferred to play soccer rather than swim. 
  He preferred rating a car to having one of his own.
  He prefers to rent a car rather than to have one of his own.他宁愿租车也不愿买车。
  6)用prefer…rather than代替prefer…to连接名词的形式偶尔也可见到。如:Mr. Brunner prefers chemistry rather than physics. 
  有人认为两者的区别是:prefer…to表示一般的倾向,prefer…rather than则表示在某种具体场合的选择。如:What shall we have to drink,port or sherry?我们喝什么呢,葡萄酒还是雪利酒?
  I should prefer port rather than sherry.我宁愿喝葡萄酒而不喝雪利酒。
  7)prefer+that从句
  Would you prefer that I come on Monday instead of on Tuesday?你宁愿让我星期一来而不是星期二来吗?
  I prefer that someone else should do this.我觉得还是让别人来做这件事比较好。
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