1. Give a brief account of the impact of Internet on communication and
explain whether electronic communication can replace face to face contact．
2.Give a brief account of the impact of Internet on education and explain
why education does not mean learning obtaining information．
3. Give a brief account of the increasing use of mobile phones in people's
life and explain the consequences of overusing mobile phones．
Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)
Directions:In this section,you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer,Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
1.A)Go to a place he has visited
B)Make her own arrangements
C)Consult a travel agent
D)Join in a package tour
A)They are on a long trip by car
B)They are syuck in a traffic jam
C)They are used to getting up early
D)They are tired of eating out at night
A)He is a person difficult to deal with
B)He dislikes any formal gathering
C)He is unwilling to speak in public
D)He often keeps a distance from others
A)Work in another deparment
B)Pursue further education
C)Recruit graduate students
D)Take an administrative job
A)He would not be available to start the job in time
B)He is not quite qualified for the art director position
C)He would like to leave some more time for himself
D)He will get his application letter ready before May1
A)Reqest one or two roommates to do the cleaning
B)Help Laura with her term paper due this weekend
C)Get Laura to clean the apartment herself this time
D)Ask Laura to put off the cleaning until another week
A) A problem caused by the construction
B)An accident that occurred on the bridge
C)The building project they are working on
D)The public transportaion conditions
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have heard.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. A) To look for a job as a salesperson.
B) To have a talk with Miss Thompson.
C) To place an order for some products.
D) To complain about a faulty appliance.
10. A) The person in charge is not in the office.
B) The supplies are out of stock for the moment.
C) They failed to reach an agreement on the price.
D) The company in re-cataloging the items.
11. A) 0743,12536 extension 15.
C) 0734,38750 extension 15.
B) 0734,21653 extension 51.
D) 0743,62135 extension 51.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
12.A) Since he found a girlfriend.
C) Since he began to exercise regularly.
B) Since he took to heavy smoking.
D) Since he started to live on his own.
13. A) He is getting too fat.
B)He doesn’t eat vegetables.
B) He smokes too much.
D) He doesn’t look well at all.
14.A)They are overweight for their age.
C) They are still in their early twenties.
B) They are respectful to their parents.
D) They dislike doing physical exercise.
15. A) To quit smoking.
C) To find a girlfriend.
B) To reduce his weight.
D) To follow her advice.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Bath the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A) They have destroyed several small towns.
B) They will soon spread to San Francisco.
C) They have injured many residents.
D) They are burning out of control.
17. A) They have been hospitalized.
B) They have got skin problems.
C) They were chocked by the thick smoke.
D) They were poisoned by the burning chemicals.
18. A) It failed because of a sudden rocket explosion.
B) It has been re-scheduled for a midday takeoff.
C) It has been canceled due to technical problems.
D) It was delayed for eleven hours and thirty minutes.
19.A) They made frequent long-distance calls to each other.
B) They illegally used government computer in New Jersey.
C) They were found to be smarter than computer specialists.
D) They were arrested for stealing government information.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
21.A) Someone dumped the clothes left in the water and dryer.
B) Someone broke the washer and dryer by overloading them.
C) Mindy Lance’s laundry blocked the way to the laundry room.
D) Mindy Lance threatened to take revenge on her neighbors.
22.A) Asking the neighborhood committee for help.
B) Limiting the amount of laundry for each wash.
C) Informing the building manager of the matter.
D) Installing a few more washers and dryers.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just beard.
23. A) She is both a popular and a highly respected author.
B) She is the most loved African novelist of all times.
C) She is the most influential author since the 1930’s.
D) She is the first writer to focus on the fate of slaves.
24. A) The Book Critics Circle Award.
B) The Nobel prize for literature.
C) The Pulitzer prize for fiction.
D)The National Book Award.
25. A) She is a relative of Morrison’s.
B) She is a slave from Africa.
C) She is a skilled storyteller.
D)She is a black woman.
Directions: In this section you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for in general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, You should check what you have written.
Many college students today owe personal computers that cost anywhere from $1,000 to perhaps $5,000 or more.(26)_________,at is not uncommon for them to purchase(27)_________costing another several hundred dollars. Twenty years ago, computers were(28)_________, but they were very large and extremely expensive. Few, if any,(29)_________purchased computers for home use . Over the years, the price of the “gats”of a computer-its memory-has declined to less than a thousandth of the price per unit of memory that prevailed twenty years ago. This is the main reason why computers cost so much less today than they used to. Moreover, (30)_________improvements have made it possible to (31)_________memory circuitry that is small enough to fit into the portable personal computers that many of us own and use. (32)_________, as the price of computation has declined the average consumer and business have spent more on purchasing computers.
(33)_________, improved agricultural technology, hybrid(杂交) seeds,(34)_________animal breeding, and so on have vastly increased the amount of output a typical farmer can produce. The prices of goods such as meats and grains have fallen sharply relative to the prices of most other goods and services. As agricultural prices have fallen, many households have decreased their total expenses on food. Even though the(35)_________of a product purchased generally increases when its price falls, total expenses on it may decline.
Part IV Translation
Directions : For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2
范文一： The modern technology has greatly altered the mode of communication among people. With the help of the Internet, people can easily contact each other anytime anywhere. However, the side effect is that many people have become over-dependent on the Internet and neglected face-to-face communication.
As far as I'm concerned, electronic communication cannot fully replace the direct contact among people. Although it seems to bring everyone together, it actually estranges people and decreases the effectiveness of communication. A typical example is that, traditionally, people working in the same office simply walk to others and talk. Today, however, co-workers tend to send e-mails or instant messages through the Internet even when they are sitting next to each other. As words can never convey the full message, it usually takes much more time and rounds of conversation than face-to-face communication, in which people can discuss more directly with less loss of information.
To conclude, the Internet enables more effective communication in some situations, but over-dependence on it actually pulls people apart.
It is frequently observed that many people keep looking down at their mobile phones whatever they are doing. It is true that mobile phones have brought great convenience to us as we can send short messages, check e-mails, surf the Internet, or watch videos almost anywhere. However, the overuse of mobile phones also leads to some serious problems.
The over-dependence on mobile phones can harm the relationship among friends and family. With mobile phones, people do not talk as much as before. For example, sometimes at dinner tables, instead of chatting and laughing with each other, many people choose to chat with other friends online. In other words, mobile phones help people contacting friends far away more easily at the expense of reducing the communication with those who are sitting right next to them.
In conclusion, mobile phone can be a useful tool in modern life, but overusing it damages interpersonal relationship. There is no point to lose our intimacy with friends and family to modern technology.
The impact of the Internet on learning
Explain why education doesn’t simply mean learning to obtain information
In the age of knowledge explosion, the Internet opens a magical portal for leaners to get access to seemingly incessant information. But is information equal to knowledge? “Once I learn how to use google, isn't that all the education I really need?” This question fully embodies the prejudiced opinion that as long as people acquire abundant information, they will get proper education.
The reason why education doesn’t simply mean learning to obtain information is that education is not limited to the hard facts or theories students can learn from their textbooks or the Internet. It relates to a wider scope ranging from the obtainment of practical skills to the development of characters, which are hard for students to learn simply by googling. Consequently, comprehensive learning in schools that includes learning knowledge, conducting experiments and communicating with peers is what true education is.
In a word, the Internet does provide valuable information for learners, but people should be fully conscious of the essence of education and learn to tell the right from the wrong.
1. C. Consult a travel agent.
2. A. They are on a long trip by car.
3. C. He is unwilling to speak in public.
4. B. Purse further education.
5. A. He would not be available to start the job in time.
6. B. Mechanic.
7. D. Ask Laura to put off the cleaning until another week.
8. A. A problem caused by the construction.
9. C. To place an order for some products.
10. A. The person in charge is not in the office.
11. B. 0734, 21653 extension 51.
12. B. Since he took to heavy smoking.
13. A. He is getting too fat.
14. D. They dislike doing physical exercise.
15. C. To find a girlfriend.
20. B. Considerate.
21. A. Someone dumped the clothes left in the washer and dryer.
22. C. Informing the building manager of the matter.
23. A. She is both a popular and a highly respected author.
24. B. The Nobel Prize for literature.
25. D. She is a black woman.
26. In addition
32. In short
33. By contrast
36. O worsens
37. E experience
38. K specialized
39. A additional
40. J qualifies
41. G graduates
42. M trained
43. C demand
44. L tension
45. N view
56. A. How we perceive the food we eat.
57. D. You would not feel so hungry.
58. B. Food labels may influence our body's response to food.
59. A. Trick ourselves into eating less.
60. B. Psychological factors influence our hunger levels.
61. B) It prepares students to meet the future needs of society.
62. D) Creating the highest dropout rate in the developed world.
63. C) New positions are constantly created that require people to keep learning.
64. C) Basic skills needed for change and lifelong learning.
65. D) Avoiding too much intervention in their children's education.
翻译一： Nowadays, with the fast development of Information Technology, Chinese citizens are attaching more and more importance to it. Some schools and universities have even included Information Technology in their required courses, which has led to different opinions. Some people think it is unnecessary to make IT courses required, and students are supposed to take traditional courses. Oppositely, other people think it is necessary to do so, for China and its people should keep pace with the times. Either way, it is a good thing that Information Technology has attracted people's attention.
翻译二： "Tea or coffee?" Diners are frequently asked this question. Western people may choose coffee, while Chinese may prefer tea. It is said that 5,000 years ago, an emperor in China discovered tea and used it to cure disease. In the Ming and Qing Dynasty, tea houses could be found all over the country. Tea-drinking was introduced to Japan in the sixth century, but was not introduced to Europe and America until the 17th and 18th century. Up to now, tea has become one of the most popular beverages in the world. It is the national drink of China and an important part of Chinese traditional culture.
翻译三： The Chinese knot is originally invented by the handicraftsman. After several hundred years’ innovation, it has evolved into an elegant and colorful art and craft. In ancient times, it was used for recording events, while now it is mainly a decorative handicraft art. In Chinese, "Knot" means love, marriage and reunion. The Chinese knot is often used as a gift to express good wishes or a talisman to ward off evil spirits. The handcraft has passed on for generations and become more and more popular in China and the world.
翻译四： Many people are fond of Chinese cuisine. In China, it is not only regarded as a craftsmanship, but also as an art. An exquisitely prepared Chinese cuisine is a feast for both the mouth and the eyes. The culinary skill and dish ingredients vary in different regions of China, but good Chinese cuisines always share something in common, i.e. the color,aroma, taste and nutrition. As food is vital for one’s health, a good chef always tries to strike a balance among grains, meat and vegetables. That’s why Chinese cuisine is tasty and healthy.