川普敦促沙特立即允许食物和救援物资进也门

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年12月7日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

也门萨那附近一处临时营地内的难民。(2017年11月17日)
也门萨那附近一处临时营地内的难民。(2017年11月17日)

美国总统川普已下令美国官员敦促沙特阿拉伯完全允许燃料、食物和药品进入也门。

川普星期三发表了一份简明扼要的声明。他说:“出于人道原因必须立即这样做。”他还表示,这是也门人民急切需要的。

沙特领导的联军正在展开空中和地面行动,试图把伊朗支持的胡塞反政府武装赶出也门。

上个月,胡塞人向利雅得机场附近发射了一枚导弹,沙特对所有也门港口实行了封锁。

封锁后来有所放松,以允许某些人道救援物资进入也门,但沙特加紧了对商业船运的限制,造成严重的燃油短缺。

没有燃油意味着发电机无法启动,因而无法泵出洁净水,医院也无法运作,甚至连饭都做不了。

沙特阿拉伯是美国在阿拉伯世界最密切的盟友之一,但是美国官员和外交官究竟如何说服沙特放松封锁,目前还不清楚。

沙特外交大臣阿德尔·朱拜尔上个月对路透社说,在向也门提供救济方面,没有任何国家比得上沙特阿拉伯。但是他说,没有任何救援物资进入了胡塞人控制的也门北部地区。他指责胡塞反政府武装盗取和出售救援物资。

胡塞人2014年攻占了也门首都萨那,迫使国际社会承认的阿卜杜·拉布·曼苏尔总统的政府逃往沙特阿拉伯,然后返回也门南部的亚丁港。

沙特为驱赶胡塞武装发动空袭,空袭往往把整个社区夷为平地,炸死数以千计的平民。

也门还出现了霍乱疫情。联合国则警告说,也门有可能发生饥荒。

Trump Urges Saudis to Immediately Allow Aid Supplies Into Yemen

Calls comes as country grapples with bloody conflict, cholera outbreak, lack of fuel, food and medicine

President Donald Trump has ordered U.S. officials to urge Saudi Arabia to completely allow fuel, food and medicine into Yemen.

In a short statement Wednesday, Trump said, "This must be done for humanitarian reasons immediately," saying the Yemeni people "desperately need it."

A Saudi-led coalition is carrying out an air and ground campaign to drive the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels out of Yemen.

The Saudis imposed a blockade on all Yemeni ports last month when the Houthis fired a missile near the Riyadh airport.

The blockade has been eased to allow some humanitarian aid into the country, but the Saudis have tightened restrictions on commercial shipping, causing severe fuel shortages.

No fuel means generators that pump clean drinking water, run hospitals and cook food cannot operate.

Saudi Arabia is one of the closest U.S. allies in the Arab world, but it is unclear exactly what approach U.S. officials and diplomats will take in persuading the Saudis to ease the blockade.

Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir told Reuters last month that no country has given more aid to Yemen than Saudi Arabia. But he said none has gone to Houthi-controlled areas of northern Yemen, accusing the rebels of stealing and selling the aid.

The Houthis seized the Yemeni capital of Sana’a in 2014, forcing the internationally recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi to flee to Saudi Arabia before returning to the southern port of Aden.

The Saudi airstrikes aimed at forcing out the Houthis have obliterated entire neighborhoods and killed thousands of civilians.

Yemen is also struggling with a cholera outbreak and what the U.N. is warning is a looming famine.