川普提名戈萨奇为最高法院大法官

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年2月1日 作者:美国之音双语新闻(VOA News)

科罗拉多州联邦法官尼尔.戈萨奇(资料图)
科罗拉多州联邦法官尼尔.戈萨奇(资料图)

美国总统川普提名科罗拉多州联邦法官尼尔.戈萨奇填补美国最高法院大法官的空缺,这是自斯卡利亚自大法官去年2月去世后留下的。

川普星期二晚上在白宫通过电视转播宣布他的选择,并介绍戈萨奇为“国家急需”的法学家,他的资格是无可争议的。

川普总统说,戈萨奇有“超群的智慧,无与伦比的法学学历,并致力于遵照宪法的原文解释宪法”。

美国参议院必须投票支持戈萨奇的最高法院法官任命。戈萨奇星期三将开始在国会山与议员们会面,白宫发言人斯恩斯皮克还说,川普政府还计划为国会议员举行一系列有关这位被提名人的简报。

共和党在参议院中占有52比48的多数。参议院民主党领袖舒默说,他“极度怀疑”戈萨奇的能力,并称民主党将坚持任何最高法院职位的确认都要获得60票。

在共和党拒绝为前总统奥巴马的填补空缺席位的人选进行确认听证会之后,这次确认可能引起争议。

参议员克鲁兹说,参议院应该“迅速行动”,他认为戈萨奇将会得到确认。

克鲁兹对美国之音说,“民主党人阻挠这次提名不会成功。”他说,“他们可能会尝试,也可能不会,我不知道答案,但他们不会成功。”

克鲁兹和参议院司法委员会主席格拉斯利(Chuck Grassley)参议员都认为戈萨奇会严格按照与保守派法官一致的立场解释宪法。

格拉斯利说,戈萨奇“不像最高法院的很多人想要将国会的意图驾于法律之上,或者超越宪法作者的原义来解释宪法。”

参议院多数党领袖麦康奈尔还表示,戈萨奇法官保有“忠实应用法律和宪法的长期记录”。

参议院司法委员会资深民主党人黛安.费恩斯坦说,需要时间彻底审查戈萨奇的记录,并表示对川普在竞选时承诺将任命反对堕胎权利的法官表示担心。

参议员迪克.杜宾在推特上写道,最近几年,最高法院“大幅度转向”,作出的决定都是以牺牲美国工人为代价支持企业利益。他说空位“属于美国人民,我会确保他们的声音会听到。“

如果得到确认,戈萨奇会带来最高法院保守派法官5比4的优势,这是斯卡利亚大法官去世前的状态。现年49岁的戈萨奇也是有史以来最高法院最年轻的法官之一,其终身制任命的影响会持续到总统离任后很长时间。

在他星期二的介绍中,戈尔绍把最高法院的任命称为“最庄严的任务”。他说,如果参议院确认他,他将尽一切力量,成为“宪法和这个伟大的国家的法律的忠实仆人。他还谈到他对斯卡利亚的钦佩,称他为“法律之狮”。

戈萨奇在星期二的介绍活动中称最高法院的任命是“最庄严的使命”。他说,如果在参议院得到确认,他将竭尽全力成为“宪法和这个伟大国家法律的忠实仆人。”戈萨奇还谈到他对斯卡利亚十分钦佩,称他为“法律之狮”。

Trump Nominates Judge Neil Gorsuch for US Supreme Court

President Donald Trump has nominated Colorado federal judge Neil Gorsuch to fill the U.S. Supreme Court seat that has been vacant since Justice Antonin Scalia died in February of last year.

Trump announced his choice late Tuesday in a televised event at the White House, introducing Gorsuch as a judge the "country needs badly" and saying his qualifications are beyond dispute.

Gorsuch has "a superb intellect, an unparalleled legal education and a commitment to interpreting the Constitution according to its text," Trump said.

The U.S. Senate has to vote to confirm Gorsuch's appointment to the Supreme Court. He will begin meeting with lawmakers on Capitol Hill on Wednesday, and White House spokesman Sean Spicer said the Trump administration is also planning a series of briefings for members of Congress about the nominee.

Republicans hold a 52-48 majority in the Senate. The top Democrat, Senator Chuck Schumer, said he has "serious doubts" about Gorsuch and that his party will insist that any Supreme Court nominee receive 60 votes in order to be confirmed.

The confirmation could be contentious following the Republican refusal to hold confirmation hearings for former President Barack Obama's choice to fill the vacant seat.

Senator Ted Cruz said the Senate should "move expeditiously" and that he believes Gorsuch will be confirmed.

"The Democrats will not succeed in filibustering this nominee," he told VOA's Kurdish service. "They may try, they may not try. I don't know the answer to that. But they will not succeed."

Cruz and Senator Chuck Grassley, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, both touted Gorsuch as a judge who adheres to a strict interpretation of the Constitution common among conservative judges.

Grassley said Gorsuch is "not like a lot of people on the Supreme Court who want to stretch congressional intent on the law or maybe read the Constitution beyond what the writers implied for the Constitution to say."

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also said Gorsuch has a "long record of faithfully applying the law and the Constitution."

Senator Diane Feinstein, the senior Democrat on the Judiciary Committee, said it will take time to thoroughly review Gorsuch's record and expressed concern about Trump's campaign pledge to appoint justices who oppose abortion rights.

"Then tonight, President Trump declared, 'I am a man of my word.' That's exactly what I'm afraid of. Judge Gorsuch voted twice to deny contraceptive coverage to women, elevating a corporation's religious beliefs over women's health care," Feinstein said.

Senator Dick Durbin wrote on Twitter that in recent years the Supreme Court has "shifted dramatically," with decisions that favor corporate interests at the expense of American workers. He said the vacant seat "belongs to the American people, and I'll make sure their voices are heard."

If confirmed, Gorsuch would restore the 5-4 conservative majority on the nine-member court that existed with Scalia on the bench. The 49-year-old would also be one of the youngest justices ever to sit on the court where lifetime appointments make a president's selections important long after he leaves office.

During his introduction Tuesday, Gorsuch called the appointment to the Supreme Court "a most solemn assignment." He said if the Senate confirms him, he will do everything in his power to be "a faithful servant of the Constitution and the laws of this great country." He also spoke of his admiration for Scalia, calling him a "lion of the law."