美国情报机构:俄罗斯政府高层主使干涉美大选

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年1月6日 作者:美国之音双语新闻(VOA News)

美国国家情报总监克拉珀(中)与国家安全局局长罗杰斯海军上将(右)1月5日在参议院军事委员会作证。
美国国家情报总监克拉珀(中)与国家安全局局长罗杰斯海军上将(右)1月5日在参议院军事委员会作证。

美国情报机构高级官员表示,他们相信俄罗斯政府高层直接参与了攻击和泄漏美国民主党全国委员会(DNC)的文件,以此影响2016年的美国大选。

星期四,美国国家情报总监克拉珀、国家安全局局长罗杰斯海军上将和国防部情报部副部长莱特尔在参议院军事委员会作证时在一份预先准备的开场白中说:“我们认为,只有俄罗斯最高级别的官员才能批准最近针对美国大选的数据盗窃和泄漏。”他们表示,俄罗斯的网络攻击对美国的国家利益构成“重大威胁”。

尽管情报机构的领导人一致认为俄罗斯参与了针对美国民主党全国委员会的黑客行为,但美国国家情报总监克拉珀指出,情报机构“无法评估”维基揭秘公布的信息如何影响了选民投票时的选择。

他说:“他们(俄罗斯黑客)并没有改变票数统计或其它类似的行为。”

克拉珀还说,中国最近也成功针对美国政府进行了网络间谍行为。不过,自从两国2015年签署双边协议限制间谍行为以来,中国对美国的网络攻击有所减少。

奥巴马总统要求情报机构调查可能存在的外国机构干预美国大选的情况,可追溯到2008年奥巴马赢得白宫的那场大选。一位美国政府官员对美国之音确认,奥巴马和当选总统川普将分别于星期四和星期五听取调查结果。

美国中央情报局和联邦调查局都得出结论,认为俄罗斯政府幕后主使了针对这届美国大选的黑客行为,并故意通过维基揭秘泄露了相关文件来破坏大选。

US Intelligence: Top Russian Officials Behind Election Interference

Top U.S. intelligence officials say they believe high-level Russian authorities were directly responsible for the hacking and leaking of documents from the Democratic National Committee in an effort to interfere in the 2016 presidential election.

"We assess that only Russia's senior-most officials could have authorized the recent election-focused data thefts and disclosures," Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, National Security Agency chief Michael Rogers and Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence Marcel Lettre said in prepared opening remarks for their testimony Thursday before the Senate Armed Services Committee. They called Russian cyberattacks a "major threat" to national interests.

While the intelligence chiefs agreed that Russia was involved in hacking the DNC documents, Clapper noted that the intelligence community “can’t gauge” any effect the information released by WikiLeaks might have had on citizens’ choices in the voting booth.

“They did not change any vote tallies or anything like that,” he said.

White House spokesman Josh Earnest reiterated that point Thursday in a press briefing, adding that the "hack-and-leak" strategy did have a negative impact on Democrat Hillary Clinton's campaign.

“I think that’s something people will be assessing for quite some time,” he said.

Clapper went on to say that China also has successfully conducted cyber espionage against the U.S. government recently, though China’s attempts to hack the U.S. have waned since the two countries signed a bilateral agreement to limit espionage in 2015.

President Barack Obama ordered the intelligence community to review potential foreign interference dating back to the 2008 election that first brought him to the White House.

Clapper said Obama heard the results of the probe Thursday, and that President-elect Donald Trump will get the same briefing Friday.

Clapper also said the full report will be given to lawmakers next week and a redacted version of the report will be made public shortly after.

The Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation have both concluded that the Russian government was behind the 2016 hacking, and intentionally divulged the documents via WikiLeaks to disrupt the election.