上周美国失业补贴申请减少到20年最低水平

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年1月6日 作者:美国之音双语新闻(VOA News)

寻找工作的人12月12日在纽约一个招聘会上与招聘人员交谈
寻找工作的人12月12日在纽约一个招聘会上与招聘人员交谈

上星期美国申请领取失业补贴的人数下降到近二十年来的最低水平,这是美国就业市场出现的一个健康迹象。

美国劳工部星期四报告说,失业补贴申请人数减少了2.8万,全国的申请人数为23.5万。经济学家认为,这项数字低于30万就说明就业市场处于健康状态。这种状态已经保持差不多两年了。

ADP公司公布的另外一个报告说,私人企业在12月份增加了15.3万个工作,稍低于11月份。ADP公司是一家跟踪企业就业变动情况的咨询公司。

几年前,美国经济处于衰退最严重的时候失业率高达10%,但之后稳步下降,在去年11月份下降到4.6%。12月份的数字将于星期五公布。

彭博财经新闻社对经济学家做了一个调查,他们的共识是,12月份的失业率可能稍微回升到4.7%。大多数的经济学家预期星期五的就业报告将会显示,12月份美国全国的工作机会将会出现17.5万的净增长。

Weekly Applications for US Jobless Aid Drop to 235,000

The number of Americans seeking unemployment benefits dropped significantly last week, a sign of a robust job market.

THE NUMBERS: Weekly requests for jobless aid fell 28,000 to a seasonally adjusted 235,000, the Labor Department said Thursday. That is barely above the 233,000 jobless claims achieved in late November, the lowest weekly total since 1973. The less volatile four-week moving average for claims fell 5,750 to 256,750.

During the past 12 months, the number of people receiving benefits has tumbled 5 percent to 2.1 million.

THE TAKEAWAY: This historically low level of applications for unemployment benefits suggests that employers are holding onto workers and likely looking to add jobs. Weekly claims have stayed below the critical threshold of 300,000 for 96 straight weeks, the longest streak since 1970.

KEY DRIVERS: Employers see the economy as continuing its seven-year expansion into 2017. The stock market ended last year on a relatively strong note, while there are signs of greater consumer confidence among Republicans following Donald Trump's presidential victory.

Employers are expected to add roughly 175,000 jobs in the government's December jobs report, which will be released Friday. This would mark a net monthly gain as the overall economy has added 2.25 million jobs over the past year.