飓风艾玛肆虐加勒比,进逼佛罗里达

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年9月10日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

飓风艾玛进袭加勒比地区
飓风艾玛进袭加勒比地区

飓风艾玛在古巴北部海岸继续带来强大的风暴和暴雨,至少造成22人死亡,并在大西洋地区其他有关地方造成灾难性破坏。

不只是古巴,美国国家飓风中心的飓风警告也适用于巴哈马群岛、佛罗里达半岛和佛罗里达礁岛群。

美国国家飓风中心表示,艾玛已经从第4类降至第3类飓风,但预计在接近佛罗里达礁岛群时将恢复强度。

这场风暴是有记载的历史以来最强风暴之一,预计将于星期天早上开始重击佛罗里达礁岛,并在星期天下午抵达佛罗里达州西南海岸。

艾玛的最大持续风速达到每小时205公里。

艾玛逼近佛罗里达州的时候,当地官员警告数百万民众,撤离时间已经所剩无几。佛罗里达州已经要求560万人(超过全州人口的四分之一)在星期天飓风登陆之前撤离。

佛罗里达州州长里克·斯科特(Rick Scott)将艾玛(Irma)视为佛罗里达从未见过的灾难性风暴,他说,飓风波及面比整个佛罗里达州还要宽。斯科特警告说:“我们时间不多了,风暴转眼就到。”

斯科特还在推特上呼吁,征召1000名护士志愿者。他写道:呼吁所有护士:佛罗里达州需要1000名志愿者护士来满足我们收容所的特殊需要,请发邮件到BPRCHDPreparedness@flhealth.gov

预测显示佛罗里达礁岛群,佛罗里达州西南部和坦帕湾地区可能遭受艾玛飓风的直接袭击。但佛罗里达州东南部,包括迈阿密市,仍然可以感受到这场强大风暴的愤怒。

总部位于迈阿密的国家飓风中心气象学家丹尼斯·费尔特根(Dennis Feltgen)说:这并不意味着我们不会有20英寸的雨,风暴潮……我们将在这里遭遇飓风。

迈阿密一位商人告诉美国之音土耳其语组说,很多人都因为飓风警告离开了,迈阿密眼下仿佛一座空城。他说:“南海滩,市中心这些地方都空空荡荡的。大家都开车走了,能买到机票的也坐飞机走了。加油站汽油卖光了,迈阿密一半以上的加油站都停止营业了。”

他说,他们一家人准备飞去波士顿,因为只有波士顿的机票还有的卖。他说:“我们找了去纽约、华盛顿、亚特兰大和纳什维尔的机票,可是都找不到。”

准备工作

美国总统唐纳德·川普及其内阁将于星期六在马里兰州戴维营的总统别墅讨论飓风。

川普总统星期五准备乘坐海军陆战队一号直升机前往戴维营的时候,在白宫南草坪告诉记者:“这是非常糟糕的飓风,但我们已经最好最高级别的准备。希望一切顺利”。

川普总统星期六发布了推文,其中包括收容所的链接和其他对暴风雨灾民有用的信息。

联邦紧急救援署代理副署长凯瑟琳·福克斯对美国之音表示,“我们准备了数万升的水,以及食物、帐篷、药品、包括尿布和婴儿奶粉在内的全套婴幼儿护理用品”。

白宫国家安全顾问汤姆·博赛特指出,“这场风暴已经造成生命损失。首先保护好自己,这样才能帮助他人”。

博赛特在白宫的一次新闻简报会上被问及他最大的担忧是什么。他回答道,在佛州的大规模疏散中,“我们担心的是燃料短缺”,同时表示由于近期的哈维飓风,德克萨斯州“5到6个”炼油厂仍然没有恢复生产。

联邦紧急管理局(FEMA)代理副执行官凯瑟琳·福克斯(Kathleen Fox)告诉美国之音,我们已经有数万升水,我们有食物,我们有婴儿床,我们有医疗用品,幼儿用品,其中包括尿布、奶粉之类的东西。

白宫国土安全顾问汤姆·博斯肯在星期五的白宫媒体通报中谈到他最关心的问题说:“我们担心燃油短缺”,他提到德克萨斯州的五六个炼油厂由于上周哈维飓风的破坏而仍然停产。

危害加勒比

这场风暴曾横扫160平方公里的巴布达,导致安提瓜和巴布达总理盖斯顿·布朗宣布该岛现在是“残垣瓦砾”。这位总理估计巴布达大约95%的建筑要么被毁,要么损坏。这个岛国马上又面临4级飓风何塞的袭击。

关于法国和荷兰分享主权的圣马丁岛,法国海外领土部长阿妮克·吉拉尔丹表示,圣马丁岛出现了“劫掠场景”,人们抢劫商店或者走上街头,寻找食物和水。

在缺乏资金的美国属地波多黎各,艾玛飓风让100多万人断电,可能需要长达6个月的时间才能恢复所有电力供应。目击者说,电线散落在街上或者悬挂在电线杆上。

艾玛还给海地和多米尼加共和国带来狂风暴雨。这两个国家分享伊斯帕尼奥拉岛的主权, 但是两国没有遭受直接袭击。

美国国防部已经部署了三艘海军舰艇、大约二十多架飞机和数百名海军陆战队,以协助波多黎各和美属维京群岛的恢复工作。

美属维京群岛总督肯尼思·马普(Kenneth Mapp)在星期五坐飞机巡视圣约翰和圣托马斯的灾情之后简单地说“很糟糕”。马普说,圣约翰遭到的风暴打击似乎更猛烈,强风造成“结构性崩溃”。

在美属维京群岛有四人死亡,圣托马斯也遭到广泛破坏,其中包括医院,港口和污水处理厂。

Irma Slams Cuba as Florida Braces for Hurricane’s Arrival

Hurricane Irma continued Saturday to unleash powerful wind and heavy rain on the northern coast of Cuba as it churned toward Florida after killing at least 22 people and inflicting catastrophic destruction elsewhere in the Atlantic region.

In addition to Cuba, U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) hurricane warnings were in effect for the Bahamian islands of Andros, Bimini and Grand Bahama, the Florida peninsula and the Florida Keys.

The NHC said Irma had weakened from a Category 4 to a Category 3 hurricane but was expected to regain strength as it approached the Florida Keys.

The storm, one of the strongest in recorded history, was projected to begin pounding the Keys Sunday morning and approach the southwestern coast of Florida Sunday afternoon.

Alp Inal, a businessman in Miami, told VOA’s Turkish service that the city looked like a ghost town as most people heeded warnings to evacuate.

“South Beach, midtown, all these areas are empty. People are fleeing the city by car or by plane if they can find tickets to anywhere. You cannot find gasoline at gas stations, and more than half of the gas stations in Miami are not operational,” Inal said.

He said his family was flying to Boston because it was the only place they could get plane tickets to. “We searched for tickets to New York, Washington, Atlanta and Nashville, but we couldn't find any,” he said.

Preparations

U.S. President Donald Trump and his Cabinet were to meet Saturday at the presidential retreat in Camp David, Maryland, to discuss the hurricane.

"It's a really bad one, but we're prepared at the highest level. Hopefully, everything will be well," Trump told reporters on the White House South Lawn Friday before departing for Camp David.

Trump posted a tweet Saturday that included links to shelters and other information that will be useful to storm victims.

White House homeland security adviser Tom Bossert was asked during a White House media briefing Friday about his greatest concern. "We're worried about the fuel shortages," he replied, noting five or six oil refineries in Texas were still out of operation because of damage from Hurricane Harvey last week.

Destruction in Caribbean

En route to Cuba and Florida, Irma ripped through 160-square-kilometer Barbuda, prompting Prime Minister Gaston Browne of Antigua and Barbuda to say the island was now "rubble."

The prime minister estimated about 95 percent of all the buildings on Barbuda had been destroyed or damaged.

The island nation was bracing for the impact of Category 4 Hurricane Jose.

On the island of St. Martin, shared by France and the Netherlands, there were "scenes of pillaging" as people looted stores and took to the streets in search of food and water, according to Annick Girardin, France's minister for overseas territories.

It could be up to six months before all power is restored on cash-strapped Puerto Rico, a U.S. commonwealth, where Irma knocked out power to more than 1 million people.

Irma also lashed Haiti and the Dominican Republic, which share the island of Hispaniola, with fierce winds and heavy rain, but spared those two countries a direct hit.

The U.S. Defense Department has deployed three Navy ships, about two dozen aircraft and hundreds of Marines to help with recovery efforts in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

After taking an aerial tour Friday of the destruction on St. John and St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands Governor Kenneth Mapp simply said, "It's just bad."

Mapp said St. John seemed to have been "whacked harder" by the storm's strong winds, causing "structural collapses."

Four deaths were reported in the U.S. Virgin Islands, while there was widespread destruction on St. Thomas, including its hospital, port and sewage treatment plant.

Mehmet Sumer from VOA’s Turkish service contributed to this report.