川普希望通过武装教师来加强学校安全

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2018年3月12日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

美国总统川普2018年3月10日在宾夕法尼亚州月亮镇的竞选集会上发表讲话。
美国总统川普2018年3月10日在宾夕法尼亚州月亮镇的竞选集会上发表讲话。

星期日白宫坚称要帮助给一些教师提供严格的枪械培训,并正式批准了一项收紧联邦背景调查制度的法案,但是没像总统先前呼吁的那样将买枪者的最低年龄从18岁提高到21岁。

作为对上个月在佛罗里达州一所高中的枪支屠杀惨案的回应,川普总统表示,联邦政府将帮助各州实施一系列举措,包括培训特别合格的学校人员志愿者携带枪支。将鼓励退伍军人和退休警官当教师,寻求新的职业生涯。

武装某些教师的想法一直存在争议,并受到美国最大的教师游说团体“全国教育协会”等组织的强烈反对。

白宫表示,川普还支持新的法律改革和加强对枪支购买者的背景调查,并允许各州寻求法院命令,拿走那些对自己和他人构成威胁者的武器。

川普还提出扩大精神健康计划。

许多学生敦促华盛顿强化购买枪支的限制,包括把购买一些枪支的最低年龄资格从18岁提高到21岁。但是,这种措施受到美国步枪协会的强烈反对。

上个月,在佛罗里达州的一所高中有17人被枪杀身亡后,川普呼吁把购买AR-15这类步枪的最低年龄从18岁提高到21岁。

川普在2月28日与立法者开会,他说:“现在说这些,不受美国步枪协会的欢迎。但我仍然要说:‘你可以买手枪 ——你不能买,你必须等到21岁。但是你可以在18岁的时候购买这次学校枪击案中使用的那种武器。我认为这是你必须考虑的问题。’”

但周日公布的计划没有涉及购买枪支的最低年龄。当记者问到年龄问题时,一位高级政府官员表示这是“一个国家级议题”,并将由美国教育部长主持的一个委员会进行探讨。

Trump Wants to Make Schools Safe by Arming School Teachers

The White House on Sunday vowed to help provide "rigorous firearms training" to some schoolteachers and formally endorsed a bill to tighten the federal background checks system, but backed off President Trump's earlier call to raise the minimum age to purchase some guns to 21 years old from 18 years old.

Responding directly to last month's gun massacre at a Florida high school, the president said the federal government will help states implement a number of moves, including training for specially qualified school personnel volunteers to carry firearms. Military veterans and retired police officers will be encouraged to seek new careers as teachers.

The idea of arming some teachers has been controversial and has drawn sharp opposition from the National Education Association, the country's largest teachers lobby, among other groups.

The White House says Trump also backs new laws to reform and strengthen background checks for potential gun buyers and allow states to seek court orders to take away weapons from those who have shown to be a threat to themselves and others.

Trump is also proposing expanding mental health programs.

Many of the student survivors have urged Washington to toughen restrictions on gun purchases, including raising the minimum age to purchase some guns to 21 years old from 18 years old. But, such measures are fiercely opposed by the National Rifle Association.

After 17 people were shot and killed last month at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., Trump elevated the issue of school safety in his administration. He called for raising the minimum age for purchasing an AR-15 or similar-style rifles from 18 to 21 years old.

"Now, this is not a popular thing to say, in terms of the NRA. But I'm saying it anyway," Trump said in a Feb. 28 meeting with lawmakers. "You can buy a handgun — you can't buy one; you have to wait until you're 21. But you can buy the kind of weapon used in the school shooting at 18. I think it's something you have to think about."

But the plan released Sunday did not address the minimum age for gun purchases. When asked by reporters about the age issue, a senior administration official said it was "a state-based discussion right now" and would be explored by a commission chaired by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.

DeVos characterized the administration's efforts as "a pragmatic plan to dramatically increase school safety."

"We are committed to working quickly because there's no time to waste," DeVos said on a Sunday evening conference call with reporters. "No student, no family, no teacher and no school should have to live the horror of Parkland or Sandy Hook or Columbine again."

Nikolas Cruz, charged with the shooting at Marjory Stonelam Douglas High School last month, is just 19 and allegedly used a AR-15 assault-style weapon.

He was also a well-known troublemaker at Douglas high school and made a number of violent threats.