第1部分：词汇选项(第1～15题，每题1分，共15分)下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线，请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。 1. She was a puzzle. A. girl B. woman C. problem D. mystery 2. Her specialty is heart surgery. A. region B. site C. field D. platform 3. France has kept intimate links with its former African territories. A. friendly B. private C. strong D. secret 4. You should have blended the butter with the sugar thoroughly. A. spread B. mixed C. beaten D. covered 5. The industrial revolution modified the whole structure of English society. A. destroyed B. broke C. smashed D. changed 6. Tickets are limited and will be allocated to those who apply first. A. posted B. sent C. given D. handed 7. The change in that village was miraculous. A. conservative B. amazing C. insignificant D. unforgettable 8. Customers often defer payment for as long as possible. A. make B. demand C. postpone D. obtain 9. Canada will prohibit smoking in all offices later this year. A. ban B. remove C. eliminate D. expel 10. She read a poem which depicts the splendor of the sunset. A. declares B. asserts C. describes D. announces 11. From my standpoint, this thing is just ridiculous. A. field B. point of view C. knowledge D. information 12. The latest census is encouraging. A. statement B. assessment C. evaluation D. count 13. The curious looks from the strangers around her made her feel uneasy. A. different B. proud C. uncomfortable D. unconscious 14. Reading the job ad, he wondered whether he was eligible to apply for it. A. able B. fortunate C. qualified D. competent 15. He was elevated to the post of prime minister. A. pulled B. promoted C. lifted D. treated
16. It is logical that a detailed learning of plants and their properties must be extremely ancient. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 17. People cannot survive without plants. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 18. Tribes living today in the jungle of the Amazon teach botany to their children at school. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 19. Our direct contact with plants grows with the process of industrialization. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 20. Today people usually acquire a large amount of botanical knowledge from textbooks. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 21. People living in the Middle East first learned to grow plants for food about 10,000 years ago. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 22. Once mankind began farming, they no longer had to get food from many varieties that grew wild. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
A．Ford’s Followers B．The Assembly Line C．Ford’s Great Dream D．The Establishment of the Company E．Ford’s Biggest Contribution F．Ford’s Great Talent
27. The assembly line made it possible to __________． 28. Ford was the first to adopt __________． 29. Higher wages enabled many people to __________． 30. Ford's higher-wage and lower-cost strategy was strongly __________．
A．criticized by the media B．the low wage in the auto industry C．own a car D．produce cars in large numbers E．the 8-hour-shift practice F．combined technology and market
31. According to the passage, the new biology could potentially solve the pollution problem of automobiles by A. using metal-hungry microbes. B. making use of enzymes. C. adjusting the engines. D. patenting new life forms. 32. According to the passage, which of the following would most probably worry the critics of the following would most probably worry the critics of the new biology? A. The microbes in the ocean water. B. The creation and application of biological solar cells. C. The accidental oil spills. D. The unexpected release of destructive microbes. 33. Which of the following possibilities of the biotechnological applications is NOT mentioned in the third paragraph? A. Developing a savings bank of one's organs. B. Breeding soldiers for a war. C. Producing people with cow-like stomachs. D. Using genetic forecasting to curt diseases. 34. According to the passage, Hitler had attempted to A. biologically change the pilots to win the war. B. develop genetic farming for increasing the food supply. C. kill the people he thought of as being inferior. D. encourage the development of genetic weapons for the war. 35. What is the implication of the statement of Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard? A. The commercial applications of genetic engineering are inevitable. B. Large-scale genetic engineering has occurred in the Untied States. C. Americans are proud of their computers，automobiles and genetic technologies. D. The potential application of each new genetic advance should be controlled.
36. What is the research at Johns Hopkins University about? A. Causes of aircraft crash. B. Gender difference in relation to types of aircraft crashes. C. Causes of mishandling aircraft. D. Gender discrimination in general aviation in the United States. 37. Which of the statements is NOT true according to the second paragraph? A. Crashes of general aviation aircraft are a major source of aviation accidents in the United States. B. Male pilots，like male vehicle drivers, are more likely to have accidents than female pilots. C. It is commonly known that aircraft crashes are mostly caused by young and inexperienced pilots. D. Only mature pilots are studied to determine the gender differences in the reasons for aircraft crash. 38. How did the researchers carry out their study? A. They studied the findings of several previous research projects. B. They conduced a questionnaire with 411 pilots. C. They collected data from the database at the Johns Hopkins University D. They analyzed the circumstances of the crashes involved. 39, What is the most common circumstance of crash with female pilots? A. Mechanical failure and running out of fuel. B. Loss of control on landing or takeoff and stalling. C. Loss of control on landing or takeoff and running out of fuel. D. Stalling and landing with the gear up. 40. In the comparison of female and male pilots, A. female pilots are found to be more courageous and risk—taking. B. male pilots are found to be more professional and attentive. C. female pilots are found to make more errors out of carelessness. D. male pilots are found to make more errors in decision—making.
41. The question raised in the first paragraph is one A. that was asked by structural engineers a month ago. B. that is too difficult for structural engineers to answer even now. C. that was never thought of before the terrorist attack. D. that terrorists are eager to find a solution to. 42. The project funded by the National Science Foundation A. was first proposed by some engineers at UB. B. took about two days to complete. C. was to investigate the damage caused by the terrorist attack. D. was to find out why some buildings could survive the blasts. 43. The column mentioned by Dr. Whittaker A. was part of the building close to the World Trade Center. B. was part of the World Trade Center. C. was shot through the window and the floor of the World Trade Center. D. damaged many buildings in the vicinity of the World Trade Center. 44. A surprising discovery made by the investigators during their visit to ground zero is that A. floors in the adjacent buildings remain undamaged. B. some floor framing systems demonstrate resistance to explosion. C. simple floor framing systems are more blast resistant. D. floors in one of the adjacent buildings were pierced by tons of debris. 45. What Dr. Reinhorn said in the last paragraph may imply all the following EXCEPT that A. blast engineers should develop new solutions for terror-resistant design. B. blast engineering can borrow technologies developed for terror-resistant design. C. solutions developed for earthquake-resistant design may apply to terrorist-resistant design. D. blast engineering emerges as a new branch of science.
A. They end up pressing closer together, which makes a person lose a little height and become shorter. B. That's because as the day goes on, water in the disks of the spine gets compressed (squeezed) due to gravity, making you just a tiny bit shorter. C. Over time, bone is said to be lost because it's not being replaced. D. Luckily, there are things that people can do to prevent shrinking. E. For older people, shrinking isn't that dramatic or sudden at all. F. There are a few reasons.
51. A. try B. tried C. trying D. having tried 52. A. automatically B. accidentally C. tremendously D. usually 53. A. changed B. located C. developed D. copied 54. A. by B. up C. about D. to 55. A. forms B. is consisted of C. composed of D. includes 56. A. read B. reading C. reads D. being read 57. A. on B. in C. of D. at 58. A. car maker B. policeman C. doctor D. operator 59 A. via B. near C. by D. besides 60 A. assists B. causes C. makes D. helps 61 A. number of B. deal of C. amount of D. volume of 62 A. writer B. reporter C. expert D. leader 63 A. already B. long ago C. long before D. shortly 64 A. although B. nevertheless C. however D. if 65. A. city B. year C． person D. country